What is an autoimmune skin disease?

An autoimmune disease is a condition in which the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks its own cells, tissues, and organs, viewing them as foreign invaders. Normally, the immune system functions to defend the body against harmful substances like bacteria and viruses. However, in autoimmune diseases, the immune response becomes dysfunctional, leading to inflammation and damage to healthy tissues.

The exact cause of autoimmune diseases is not fully understood, but it is believed to involve a combination of genetic predisposition and environmental triggers. Symptoms of autoimmune diseases can vary widely depending on the specific condition but often include fatigue, joint pain, fever, skin rashes, and organ dysfunction. Treatment typically focuses on managing symptoms and suppressing the immune response to prevent further damage to tissues and organs.

Psoriasis, atopic dermatitis, vitiligo, alopecia areata, dermatomyositis, pemphigus, bullous pemphigoid, cutaneous lupus and many other autoimmune skin conditions are among the skin diseases we treat at Boswell Dermatology.


Dermatology helps by diagnosing and treating skin-related symptoms of autoimmune diseases. Dermatologists identify skin manifestations, offer tailored treatments, monitor progress, and collaborate with other specialists for comprehensive care. They also educate and support patients in managing their condition effectively.