WHAT IS Contact dermatitis?

Contact dermatitis is a common skin condition characterized by redness, itching, and inflammation that occurs when the skin comes into contact with a substance that triggers an allergic reaction or irritation. This reaction can happen after exposure to a wide range of substances, including cosmetics, fragrances, metals, plants, and chemicals in everyday products. Contact dermatitis can be classified into two main types: irritant contact dermatitis, which occurs when the skin is damaged by a substance, and allergic contact dermatitis, which occurs when the immune system reacts to an allergen. Diagnosis typically involves a thorough medical history, physical examination, and sometimes patch testing to identify the specific trigger. Treatment may include avoiding the irritant or allergen, using topical corticosteroids or other medications to reduce inflammation and itching, and implementing skin care measures to soothe and protect the skin. With proper management, most cases of contact dermatitis can be effectively controlled, allowing the skin to heal and symptoms to resolve.


Dermatologists play a crucial role in diagnosing and treating a wide range of skin conditions, including acne, eczema, psoriasis, and skin cancer. They offer expertise in identifying skin disorders, providing personalized treatment plans, and performing procedures such as biopsies, excisions, and laser therapy. Dermatologists also offer preventive care, education on skin health, and guidance on skincare routines tailored to individual needs. Their specialized knowledge and skills ensure effective management of skin conditions, promoting overall skin health and well-being.