WHAT IS eczema?

Eczema, also known as atopic dermatitis, is a common skin condition characterized by red, itchy, and inflamed patches of skin. It is a chronic inflammatory disorder that can affect people of all ages, but it is particularly common in children. Eczema typically presents as dry, scaly, or leathery patches of skin, which may become cracked, weepy, or blistered with scratching. The exact cause of eczema is not fully understood, but it is believed to involve a combination of genetic predisposition, immune system dysfunction, and environmental factors. Triggers for eczema can include weather changes and many other factors. While there is no cure for eczema, treatment focuses on managing symptoms and preventing flare-ups. This may include moisturizing the skin regularly, avoiding known triggers, using topical corticosteroids or other anti-inflammatory medications, and practicing good skincare habits. There are many recent advances to treat eczema systemically in a safe and non-steroid manner, including the use of biologics (e.g. dupilumab, tralokinumab, nemolizumab) and janus kinase (JAK) inhibitors.


Dermatologists are specialized physicians who play a crucial role in diagnosing and treating a variety of skin conditions, from common issues like acne and eczema to more complex diseases such as skin cancer. They utilize their expertise to provide personalized treatment plans tailored to each individual’s needs, often incorporating a combination of topical medications, oral therapies, and procedures like biopsies or excisions when necessary. Dermatologists also offer preventive care, educating patients on skin health practices and helping them develop skincare routines to maintain healthy skin. With their specialized knowledge and advanced techniques, dermatologists help improve the overall health and well-being of their patients by addressing both medical and cosmetic concerns related to the skin.