Rosacea is a chronic inflammatory skin condition that primarily affects the face, characterized by facial redness, flushing, visible blood vessels, and sometimes acne-like bumps or pustules. It typically begins after the age of 30 and tends to affect fair-skinned individuals more frequently, although it can occur in people of any skin type. The exact cause of rosacea is not fully understood, but factors such as genetics, environmental triggers, abnormal blood vessel function, and an overactive immune system may contribute to its development. Common triggers for rosacea flare-ups include sun exposure, spicy foods, alcohol, hot beverages, extreme temperatures, and certain skincare products. While there is no cure for rosacea, treatment options are available to help manage symptoms and minimize flare-ups. These may include topical medications, oral antibiotics, laser therapy to reduce redness and visible blood vessels, and lifestyle modifications to avoid triggers. With proper management, individuals with rosacea can effectively control their symptoms and improve their quality of life.


Dermatologists can accurately diagnose rosacea through clinical evaluation, considering factors such as facial redness, visible blood vessels, and acne-like bumps or pustules. Once diagnosed, dermatologists provide personalized treatment plans tailored to each individual’s needs. These may include topical medications such as metronidazole or azelaic acid to reduce inflammation and redness, oral antibiotics like doxycycline or minocycline to control bacterial overgrowth and inflammation, and in severe cases, isotretinoin may be prescribed. Additionally, dermatologists may recommend laser or light therapies to target visible blood vessels and reduce facial redness. Lifestyle modifications such as avoiding triggers like sun exposure, spicy foods, and alcohol are also emphasized. By offering comprehensive care and access to a range of treatment options, dermatology helps individuals with rosacea effectively manage their condition and improve their quality of life.